RESULTS

62 publication(s) found in Policy brief

POLICY BRIEF

Hartz IV: A model for Austria?

In this policy brief we investigate the (hypothetical) implementation of the Hartz IV reform in Austria. We present two scenarios and their impact on expenditure and poverty.

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POLICY BRIEF

Social enterprises for inclusive local growth

Social enterprises for inclusive local growth in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

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The Social dimension: Opportunities and limits to benchmarking for a Social Europe

The European Centre has conducted a study to discuss the pros and cons of the benchmarking process in the social dimension, its benchmarks and corresponding social indicators.

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Affordable housing for low-income families

Provision of affordable housing is a crucial component of social inclusion. 

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Juggling family and work

The findings highlight that, on the one hand, structural factors are crucial in convincing caring employees to take up care leaves: payment, duration, circle of eligible family members, and minimum care needs for which a leave is granted. On the other hand, societal and psychological considerations are found to be at least equally important, including the need to reduce stigma for caregivers at the workplace, and to maintain both complexity and financial risks at a minimum.

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POLICY BRIEF

The view from within: ‘Good’ care from the perspective of care professionals

This Policy Brief focuses on the question of how to more appropriately define and measure high quality LTC. The interviews and workshops reveal that while care professionals see a need for more frequent multidisciplinary dialogue, case management, time for actual interaction with users, and overall, a more holistic approach to care, certain framework conditions currently impede development in these areas.

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POLICY BRIEF

From care in homes to care at home

The path to deinstitutionalisation, the hallmark strategy of social and care services for individuals with limited autonomy, has been marked by idiosyncratic developments across European countries. The present Policy Brief capitalizes on this cross-country variability in order to draw lessons from experiences and strategies, which proved to be effective, and proposes a set of core principles for successful deinstitutionalisation.

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POLICY BRIEF

Improvement during crisis years?

The Policy brief aims to provide an overview of housing deficiencies in EU Member States and to examine the extent to which they are linked to low income. Housing is a key aspect of poverty and social exclusion.The quality of housing has an impact on, for instance, social relations and access to employment. Poor housing quality is also a major element of deprivation and when coupled with income poverty, it reinforces social disadvantage. Besides presenting empirical results, the Policy Brief also highlights potential problems with the indicator on shortage of space in the dwelling, concerning measurement, cultural factors and aspects of adaptation as well as environmental concerns.

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POLICY BRIEF

Beyond the 'guest worker' agreement

The present Policy brief looks at the portability of pensions and health insurance for pensioners in the migration corridors Austria/Germany vs. Turkey and focuses on the situation in Austria and Germany. The bilateral social security agreement between Germany and Turkey was already concluded in 1964, between Austria and Turkey in 1966. They represent typical recruitment agreements with a broad objective area of application incl. health insurance.

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POLICY BRIEF

Active Ageing Index

The Active Ageing Index (AAI) has been developed for the EU countries during 2012, the European Year of Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations. This Policy Brief summarises the results of the latest 2014 AAI for the 28 EU countries. The in-depth analysis of the constituent parts of the AAI (its 22 indicators in four domains) helps to explore what forms of active ageing potentials of older people have yet to be realised in different countries. With results now available for three data points, the AAI has started to facilitate the benchmarking of country performances, to encourage countries to look at policies and programmes that other countries have adopted and learn from those experiences.

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To make or to buy long-term care? Part III

With the implementation of New Public Management (NPM), market-oriented governance, deregulation, competition and strengthened user-choice eventually reached also the area of long-term care provision during the 1990s. In contrast to the classical neo-liberal postulations towards deregulation, however, both theoretical considerations and the emerging practice across Europe have shown the imminent necessity to increase efforts in quality assurance in the context of competitive markets in long-term care. This Policy Brief dwells on experiences in a number of European countries on existing practices of quality assurance in long-term care delivery.

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POLICY BRIEF

To make or to buy long-term care? Part II

Market-oriented governance and a strong consumerism discourse have stipulated increased competition and choice in the provision of long-term care services. This re-organisation of long-term care markets that was shaped by the entry of new for-profit and non-profit providers and welfare mixes faced policy-makers with new challenges in steering and regulating service provision. This Policy Brief reviews underlying political arguments and evidence on the experiences of four selected countries in the introduction of quasi-markets.

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POLICY BRIEF

To make or to buy long-term care? Part I

This Policy Brief reviews some of the theoretical insights offered by economic theory (e.g. transaction costs) and other fields of social sciences (e.g. psychology, disability rights) regarding the make or buy decision as applied to long-term care. This is the first part of a trilogy dedicated to the reliance on markets for the delivery of long-term care. The second part will review the implementation of market mechanisms in European countries and the third will address mechanisms to assess and manage quality. This trilogy is based on research funded by the Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs.

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POLICY BRIEF

Workers’ worries and labour market policies

This Policy Brief summarizes the latest evidence on active labour market policy (ALMP) spending and Employment Protection Legislation across the OECD countries. It then summarizes theoretical findings from Tepe & Vanhuysse 2013 on the diverging roles of left parties and trade unions in determining ALMP spending.

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POLICY BRIEF

Social reform microsimulation

The outcomes for the income situation of the Europe 2020 social target group (persons at risk of poverty, materially deprived persons, persons in households with no or low work intensity) should be estimated. The estimation is carried out via the user-friendly microsimulation model SORESI. This Policy Brief describes the most important features of the SORESI model and presents a policy reform example related to the increase of the family allowance.

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POLICY BRIEF

Quota systems for disabled persons

Quota systems for private and/or public enterprises or institutions exist in the majority of EU countries. Their target is to stimulate labour demand by committing employers to employ a certain share of employees with disabilities. Typically, the stipulated share ranges between 2% and 7% of the workforce. In most countries the degree of fulfilment ranges between 30% and 70%. According to available empirical data, quota systems only lead to small net employment gains. While already employed persons who become disabled and can be included are more likely to remain employed, quotas only provide small incentives to hire disabled people.

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POLICY BRIEF

Minimizing misery

Preventing avoidable unhappiness should be given priority as a policy goal – even more so than maximizing happiness. Using a cross-sectional multi-country dataset with 57 thousand observations from 29 European countries, we show that unhappiness varies a great deal more across social groups than (high levels of) happiness does.

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POLICY BRIEF

A snapshot of intergenerational justice

In this Policy Brief Pieter Vanhuysse presents a simple four-dimensional snapshot indicator of intergenerational justice (IJI) in practice for Austria and 28 other OECD countries. Three of the IJI dimensions measure policy outcomes that leave legacy burdens towards younger and future generations: the ecological footprint created by all generations alive today; early-life starting conditions as measured by child poverty levels; and the public debt burdens on the shoulders of currently young generations. A fourth dimension presents a measure of welfare states’ overall pro-elderly bias in social spending.

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POLICY BRIEF

Far from a common market

This Policy Brief reports on an exploration of German care home providers’ experiences to move (or not to move) their activities to Austria in the context of EU regulations. The exploratory study in the context of the EU FP7 project ‘Evaluating Care Across Borders’ (ECAB) was based on three interviews with relevant stakeholders in Austria.

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POLICY BRIEF

Housing problems and access to basic local services in the EU27

The aim of this Brief is to explore (i) housing problems, such as poor housing quality, overcrowdedness, housing cost overburden, and (ii) access to basic local services, including public transport, postal and banking services across the EU27.

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POLICY BRIEF

Income poverty and social exclusion in the EU

The aim of this Brief is to estimate the degree of social exclusion at EU level, and to identify the country clusters related to this, and also to present the level and the trend of poverty on a country level.

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POLICY BRIEF

Exclusion from material resources among older people in EU countries

The salient features of the current European economic climate are not easy to view with optimism: an uncertain recovery from recession, uncomfortably high levels of unemployment, Eurozone debt crises and the longer-term challenges of population ageing and sustainability of social welfare systems - all make for hard reading.

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POLICY BRIEF

Active ageing and prevention in the context of long-term care

Relating prevention with long-term care is often thought of as something contradictory. It generally provokes the question whether preventive or activating measures are still feasible or even existent for a person already in need of long-term care.

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POLICY BRIEF

Comparing European alcohol policies

On the search for factors explaining the changes of alcohol consumption in European countries one quickly comes across preventive activities to reduce alcohol-related problems and/or alcohol consumption mostly taken by the state and occasionally also by other stakeholders such as e.g. the economy or social movements.

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POLICY BRIEF

Quality management by result-oriented indicators

This Policy brief is an output of the European project "Quality Manage­ment by Result-oriented Indicators - Towards Benchmarking in Resi­dential Care for Older People", which lies within the framework of the PROGRESS programme of DG Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.

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POLICY BRIEF

Poverty and social exclusion of migrants in the European Union

The Policy Brief analyses the occurrence of risk-of-poverty and social exclusion among the migrant population, and the trends in poverty rates between 2004 and 2007 based on the EU-SILC survey.

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POLICY BRIEF

Income poverty in the EU

The aim of this Brief is to analyse the level of poverty and the trends of poverty across the European Union. The rate of poverty varies between 9% and 26% across EU Member States.

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POLICY BRIEF

Social well-being of disabled older persons

The Policy Brief examines the well-being of disabled older persons living in European countries, by analyzing various social dimensions such as satisfaction with present situation and living standards, future optimism, respect and social contacts.

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POLICY BRIEF

Paying for long-term care

This Policy Brief aims to present information, on the one hand, on the current picture of public and private expenditure on long-term care for older people and to discuss the challenges of financing care.

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POLICY BRIEF

Fiscal policy and sustainability in view of crisis and population ageing in Central and Eastern European countries

This Policy brief examines the interrelated aspects of the fiscal and economic policy as well as the impact of population ageing on the sustainability of public finances in the wake of the recent economic crisis.

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POLICY BRIEF

Intergenerational solidarity

The dilemmas facing the European Union countries associated with population ageing have until recently been articulated in two ways: 1) the financial sustainability of public welfare systems, and 2) the adequacy of retirement incomes and basic social services.

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POLICY BRIEF

Informal carers

Until recently, informal care (provided by relatives and friends) has been overlooked by policy-mak­ers in the context of long-term care for dependent older people. Driven by concerns about the fiscal sustainability of long-term care servic­es and by more self-conscious and demanding carers' movements across countries, informal care has been brought into the limelight.

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POLICY BRIEF

Housing quality deficiencies and the link to income in the EU

The analysis is based on data from EU-SILC 2007, including a special module on housing, with over 500.000 individuals from 24 EU countries. Our results suggest that housing quality is correlated with the nation’s affluence. The Baltic States appear to be particularly disadvantaged on most grounds. The poor live worse in terms of housing quality, although their relative disadvantage is more prevalent with respect to basic amenities or shortage of space, rather than neighbourhood problems.

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POLICY BRIEF

Fiscal and pension sustainability

The challenges of fiscal sustainability that EU Member States face are well documented, and the focus is justifiably on addressing them. But, the impact of policy reforms now on the future for pension systems and incomes of future retirees is less clearly articulated: this Policy Brief has explored this issue of pension sustainability in EU countries.

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POLICY BRIEF

Poverty risks for older people in EU countries

This Policy Brief provides the latest evidence on how EU countries differ in terms of poverty risks for older people (aged 65 years and over).

Results using the latest EU-SILC data for 2008 show that, on average, older people face a higher poverty risk rate than the total population: the rate for older people was 19% as opposed to rate for the total population of 17%. The highest poverty risk rates were observed in Latvia (51%), Cyprus (49%), Estonia (39%) and Bulgaria (34%), and the lowest in Hungary (4%), Luxembourg (5%) and the Czech Republic (7%).

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POLICY BRIEF

Two worlds of drug consumption in late modern societies

Europeans belong to the largest consumers of illicit drugs, absorbing about one fifth of the global heroin, cocaine and cannabis supply, as well as one third of ecstasy production (UNODC World Drug report, 2008). However, the vast majority of Europeans have never tried any illicit substance.

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POLICY BRIEF

Welfare-to-work programmes in the UK and lessons for other countries

Welfare-to-work programmes have long been pursued in European countries, and the so-called Nordic model of the active labour market policies had served as a role model in the mid-1990s, offering policy learning to the rest of Europe. The UK had shown more interest in learning from the US workfare model than its European neighbours, and its policy de­sign and the experience of the past 10 years offer a number of insights for other countries.

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POLICY BRIEF

Social assistance: No, thanks?

Based on the comparison of detailed micro-data (EU-SILC, SOEP, IDS) and potential entitlements simulated with tax/benefit microsimulation models (EUROMOD, model DIW, TUJA), the Policy Brief estimates the size of non-take-up of monetary social assistance benefits in Austria, Germany and Finland after 2000.

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POLICY BRIEF

Access to health care for migrants, ethnic minorities, and asylum seekers in Europe

This Policy brief outlines hurdles of access to health care for migrants and discusses policy implications.

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POLICY BRIEF

Access to health care for people with mental disorders in Europe

This policy brief outlines hurdles of access to health care for people with mental disorders and discusses policy implications.

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POLICY BRIEF

Intoxication and intoxicated behaviour in contemporary European cultures

Over recent years, media and policy attention has highlightened 'binge' drinking s a social problem which had spread across Europe. Viewed predominantly as youth problem, the focus of concern has been on young people's drinking and on the behaviours and harms associated with it in relation to public health, public safety and public order.

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POLICY BRIEF

Juvenile alcohol scenes

The resent study approaches the changed drinking habits of young people with qualitative methods. It was carried out in an metropolitan area - in Vienna - and in an provincial and rural area - in Lower Austria - , which as East-Austrian wine-growing states show a comparable drinking culture. The conspicuous consumption by young people in groups, which are described here as "juvenile alcohol scenes", is at the focus of attention.

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POLICY BRIEF

Poverty across Europe

This Policy brief discusses the sensitivity of these estimates to the measures used and explores the underlying patterns across the vulnerable groups and the likely causes of poverty in these countries.

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POLICY BRIEF

The Vienna drug policy 1970 to 2005

The study draws the success story of a regional drug policy that is based on the organisational combination of the drug-related activities of the city ("cross-sectional policy") and the professionalisation of the drug services, with the aim of social reintegration.

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POLICY BRIEF

Features and challenges of population ageing

In this Policy brief the issue of population ageing and its possible implications are sketched out. It also discusses what public policy responses are required to deal with the challenges posed. The main focus would be on Europe as a region facing these challenges and how individual countries as well as the EU and the UNECE could steer strategies to deal with them.

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POLICY BRIEF

The labour market situation of people with disabilities in EU25

This Policy brief acquaints with the main findings, conclusions and policy agenda of the research project 'Study of the Compilation of the Disability Data from the Administrative Registers of the EU Member States'. The peculiarity of this analysis is that differently from other studies it is performed using the statistics of the employment status of people with disabilities drawn from administrative registers of the Member States.

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POLICY BRIEF

Happiness across the life cycle

Existing evidence suggests a U-shaped relationship between age and happiness, when controlling for income and other personal characteristics. On the other hand, there is no clear pattern without the use of controls. Thus, it is not ageing as such, which results declining happiness, but rather the circumstances which are associated with ageing. Which of these circumstances could be averted?

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POLICY BRIEF

Tax credit policy in the UK and its lessons for Austria

This Policy brief summarises the policy experience of the tax credit system in the United Kingdom, with the aim to understand better the challenges underlying the tax credit policy to be initiated in Austria.

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POLICY BRIEF

A major policy impact of the European Centre’s consultancy

Since 2000, the European Centre has accompanied the preparatory process for the introduction of a long-term care insurance in the Autonomous Province of Bolzano-Alto Adige (Italy).

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POLICY BRIEF

Young men: Sexuality and sex education

Whereas the number of new HIV-infections has remained relatively stable, infections with other sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis, syphilis and gonorrhoea are lately on the increase in Austria. Regarding the number of teenage pregnancies, Austria has an average rate compared to other OECD countries. Health promotion and prevention in the area of sexual and reproductive health is mainly directed towards youth in order to provide them in time with the appropriate knowledge and behaviour patterns to protect themselves against sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted parenthood.

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POLICY BRIEF

Austria: Distributive effects of social insurance contributions, income tax and monetary social benefits on the household level

In a European comparison Austria shows above-average levels of both taxation and social expenditures. The analyses carried out show that the high levels of taxation and social expenditures not only result in a redistribution from the left- into the right-hand pocket of residents but also that the vertical redistribution from the top to the bottom income groups through social insurance contributions, income taxes and monetary social benefits in sum reaches a sizeable dimension.

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POLICY BRIEF

Poverty among migrants in Europe

The policy brief analyses the level of poverty among migrants in 14 European countries. Migrants from outside the European Union are occasionally exposed to a multiple times higher risk of poverty than the "indigenous" population.

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POLICY BRIEF

Challenges in guaranteeing adequate pension incomes for women

Our analyses in this policy brief present the current poverty situation of older women in EU countries, and also discuss how recent changes in the pension policy of some of the European countries may be less or more detrimental to women than men. We discuss various pension policy changes that will be beneficial for women, and identify that the most suitable and effective policy action to tackle poverty risks amongst older women is through labour market policies, in the form of targetted active labour market policies for women.

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POLICY BRIEF

Multi-city study on quantities and financing of illicit drug consumption

Commissioned by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research carries out a research project to examine the per capita consumption of selected illegal substances - heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy and cannabis - as well as the expenses for drug consumption on the consumer side.

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POLICY BRIEF

Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages in EU Member States

This policy brief reports on our research for EU member countries on the transmission of advantages and disadvantages between generations.

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POLICY BRIEF

Transition from work to retirement in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

The present bolicy brief reports differences in the participation of the elderly in the labour markets of two new Member States of the European Union - the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The comparative analysis is all the more interesting because after the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the evolution of elderly employment and the choice of measures have been different in these countries.

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POLICY BRIEF

Zeitnot oder Zeitwohlstand in Österreichs Familien?

In diesem Policy Brief wird über zentrale Ergebnisse zweier Studien des Europäischen Zentrums berichtet, die den Fragen nachgingen, ob Eltern heutzutage genügend Zeit für ihre Kinder im Pflichtschulalter haben, u.a. um sie bei schulischen Tätigkeiten zu unterstützen, und welchen Einfluss generell familiale Faktoren auf den Schulerfolg haben.

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POLICY BRIEF

Time poverty or time welfare in Austrian families?

This Policy Brief illustrates main findings of two European Centre's studies on whether today's parents have enough time for their children and/or provide sufficient support (for their children's achievements in school) focusing on: 1) the time spent by parents with their children of compulsory school age and 2) the links between family factors and school achievements.

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POLICY BRIEF

Poverty of elderly people in EU25

This policy brief analyses poverty risks faced by the current populations of elderly people in the latest year (ie. around 2003).

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POLICY BRIEF

Pension policy in EU25 and its possible impact on elderly poverty

The analyses point to key policy responses necessary to meet the social objectives of sustainability as well as adequacy of pensions in the European Union.

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POLICY BRIEF

Joint custody after divorce

This analysis was part of the 'Evaluation study on the effects of the implementation of the Children's Rights Amendment Act 2001, with particular reference to joint custody after divorce' (commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Justice).

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POLICY BRIEF

Transition from Work to Retirement in EU25

This policy brief draws upon the empirical evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey, by analysing differences and similarities across the EU25 with respect to the labour force participation among older workers.

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