RESULTS

85 publication(s) found in Policy brief

POLICY BRIEF

Co-financing residential care for older people: models and equity implications

This Policy Brief provides information on different financing systems for residential care in Europe and policy options for mitigating the unpredictability of care-related expenditures are discussed.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Unleashing transformation through partnerships

This Policy Brief analyses how partnership is understood and promoted in European Union regulations and programmes.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The use of formal and informal care services in Slovenia: availability issues and challenges to gender and income equality

This Policy Brief provides insights into the characteristics of people using home care services in Slovenia and how these services are used – either alone or in combination with informal care.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Prevention and treatment of substance abuse among young people in criminal justice systems

This Policy Brief looks at drug treatment and rehabilitation services for young drug users in criminal justice systems

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Non-coverage by health insurance in Austria: empirical findings on prevalence and causes

This Policy brief reports on a quantitative and qualitative assessement of people not covered by health insurance in Austria.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Monitoring and evaluation of social services in Kosovo: Policy challenges and recommendations

This Policy Brief provides a brief overview of the current monitoring and evaluation system of social services in Kosovo.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Job Carving & Job Crafting: New Approach to Solve Old Problems

Job carving and job crafting can be effective strategies to overcome the challenges of labour market (re)integration 

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Taking a human rights-based approach in monitoring policies for older people in Europe

The Rights of Older People Index and the Scoreboard on Outcome Indicators are two newly developed tools that monitor the situation of older people with care and support needs in Europe, based on a human-rights approach.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Posting of Workers in the Western Balkans: The Case of North Macedonia

This Policy Brief presents the current trends and existing legislation on posting in the Republic of North Macedonia

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Posting of Workers in the Western Balkans: The Case of Albania

This Policy Brief presents the current trends and existing legislation on posting in the Republic of Albania

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Posting of Workers in the Western Balkans: The Case of Montenegro

This Policy Brief presents the current state of affairs of posting in the Republic of Montenegro

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Posting of Workers in the Western Balkans: The Case of Serbia

This Policy Brief presents the current trends and existing legislation on posting in the Republic of Serbia

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Labour market transitions in an equal ‘future of work’

Key trends of labour market transitions and tension fields due to digitalisation and automatisation

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The long-term care mix in Austria: An overview of community-based care provision by formal and informal caregivers

This Policy Brief provides insights into the use of formal, informal and mixed care by older Austrians living in the community

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Language barriers and the occupational safety and health of posted workers

Posted workers face language barriers that significantly limit their capacity to realise and exercise their employment rights

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Distributive and fiscal impact of monetary family benefits in Austria

This Policy Brief looks at the fiscal costs and at the change in at-risk-of-poverty rates of different approaches to family welfare

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Policy brief: Falling through the social safety net? The case of non-take-up in Austria

Non-take-up of means-tested benefits is a widespread phenomenon in European welfare states. This study ... 

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Rights-based approach to care and support for older persons

The framework lays out ten main human rights domains relevant to persons with care and supports needs.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Ageing 4.0

This policy brief is an attempt to respond to current challenges of social welfare systems in the context of population ageing and technological innovation. It defines Ageing 4.0 as a concept and provides a rationale for such a new policy framework.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The long-term care workforce in Austria

This policy brief is based on the results of the NORDCARE survey in Austria. This study investigated the working conditions of the long-term care (LTC) workforce in the home care and residential care sector in three regions in Austria (Vienna, Upper Austria, Salzburg).

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Working conditions in long-term care in Austria

This second policy brief based on the NORDCARE study on the working conditions of the long-term care workforce in Austria addresses specific aspects from the perspective of the LTC workforce and highlights those factors that significantly impact their working conditions.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Integrated Case Management for Employment and Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans

This Policy Brief provides insights into the application of integrated case management by Public Employment Services and Social Services institutions in the Western Balkans.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Decentralization of social services in Kosovo: policy challenges and recommendations

Decentralization of social services in Kosovo: challenges and recommendations

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Hartz IV: A model for Austria?

In this policy brief we investigate the (hypothetical) implementation of the Hartz IV reform in Austria. We present two scenarios and their impact on expenditure and poverty.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Social enterprises for inclusive local growth

Social enterprises for inclusive local growth in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The Social dimension: Opportunities and limits to benchmarking for a Social Europe

The European Centre has conducted a study to discuss the pros and cons of the benchmarking process in the social dimension, its benchmarks and corresponding social indicators.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Affordable housing for low-income families

Provision of affordable housing is a crucial component of social inclusion. 

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Juggling family and work

On the one hand, structural factors are crucial in convincing caring employees to take up care leaves. On the other hand, societal and psychological considerations are found to be at least equally important, e.g. to reduce stigma for caregivers at the workplace.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The view from within: ‘Good’ care from the perspective of care professionals

How to define and measure high-quality LTC? Care professionals regard multidisciplinary dialogue, case management, time for interaction with users, and a more holistic approach to care as needed but certain framework conditions hinder development in these areas.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

From care in homes to care at home

The Policy Brief explores European experiences with (de)institutionalisation in long-term care. It draws lessons from strategies, which proved to be effective, and proposes a set of core principles for successful deinstitutionalisation.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Improvement during crisis years?

The Policy Brief provides an overview of housing deficiencies in EU Member States and examines the extent to which they are linked to low income. Housing is a key aspect of poverty and social exclusion and its quality has an impact on social relations and employment.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Beyond the 'guest worker' agreement

The Policy Brief looks at the portability of pensions and health insurance for pensioners in the migration corridors Austria/Germany vs. Turkey and focuses on the situation in Austria and Germany.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Active Ageing Index

The Active Ageing Index (AAI) has been developed for the EU countries during 2012, the European Year of Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations. This Policy Brief summarises the results of the latest 2014 AAI for the 28 EU countries.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

To make or to buy long-term care? Part III

It is necessary to increase efforts in quality assurance in the context of competitive markets in long-term care. This Policy Brief dwells on experiences in a number of European countries on existing practices of quality assurance in long-term care delivery.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

To make or to buy long-term care? Part II

Market-oriented governance and a strong consumerism discourse have stipulated increased competition and choice in the provision of quasi-markets for long-term care services. This Policy Brief reviews underlying political arguments and evidence.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

To make or to buy long-term care? Part I

This Policy Brief reviews some of the theoretical insights regarding the make or buy decision as applied to long-term care. This is the first part of a trilogy dedicated to the reliance on markets for the delivery of long-term care.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Workers’ worries and labour market policies

This Policy Brief summarizes the latest evidence on active labour market policy (ALMP) spending and Employment Protection Legislation across the OECD countries and discusses the diverging roles of left parties and trade unions in determining ALMP spending.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Social reform microsimulation

This Policy Brief describes the most important features of the SORESI model which enables estimation of outcomes of policy reforms for social target groups (e.g. persons at risk of poverty, materially deprived, in households with no or low work intensity).

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Quota systems for disabled persons

Quota systems exist in the majority of EU countries in order to commit employers to hire a certain share of employees with disabilities. However, evidence shows that quotas only provide small incentives to hire disabled people.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Minimizing misery

Preventing avoidable unhappiness should be given priority as a policy goal – even more so than maximizing happiness. We show that unhappiness varies a great deal more across social groups than (high levels of) happiness.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

A snapshot of intergenerational justice

We present a four-dimensional snapshot indicator of intergenerational justice. Three dimensions measure policy outcomes that leave legacy burdens towards younger and future generations, the fourth welfare states’ overall pro-elderly bias in social spending.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Far from a common market

This Policy Brief reports on an exploration of German care home providers’ experiences to move (or not to move) their activities to Austria in the context of EU regulations.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Housing problems and access to basic local services in the EU27

The aim of this Brief is to explore (i) housing problems, such as poor housing quality, overcrowdedness, housing cost overburden, and (ii) access to basic local services, including public transport, postal and banking services across the EU27.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Income poverty and social exclusion in the EU

The aim of this Brief is to estimate the degree of social exclusion at EU level, and to identify the country clusters related to this, and also to present the level and the trend of poverty on a country level.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Exclusion from material resources among older people in EU countries

In the context of a gloomy European economic climate, this Policy Brief examines the picture for the current generation of older people, with particular reference to their exclusion from material resources and other forms of exclusions for older people.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Active ageing and prevention in the context of long-term care

Relating prevention with long-term care is often thought of as something contradictory. It generally provokes the question whether preventive or activating measures are still feasible or even existent for a person already in need of long-term care.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Comparing European alcohol policies

Preventive activities to reduce alcohol-related problems and/or alcohol consumption are mostly taken by the state and occasionally also by other stakeholders. They largely explain changes in alcohol consumption in European countries.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Quality management by result-oriented indicators

This Policy Brief is an output of the European project ‘Quality Manage­ment by Result-oriented Indicators – Towards Benchmarking in Resi­dential Care for Older People’. It informs about approaches and project results.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Poverty and social exclusion of migrants in the European Union

The Policy Brief analyses the occurrence of risk-of-poverty and social exclusion among the migrant population, and the trends in poverty rates between 2004 and 2007 based on the EU-SILC survey.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Income poverty in the EU

The aim of this Brief is to analyse the level of poverty and the trends of poverty across the European Union. The rate of poverty varies between 9% and 26% across EU Member States.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Social well-being of disabled older persons

The Policy Brief examines the well-being of disabled older persons living in European countries, by analyzing various social dimensions such as satisfaction with present situation and living standards, future optimism, respect and social contacts.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Paying for long-term care

This Policy Brief aims to present information, on the one hand, on the current picture of public and private expenditure on long-term care for older people and to discuss the challenges of financing care.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Fiscal policy and sustainability in view of crisis and population ageing in Central and Eastern European countries

This Policy brief examines the interrelated aspects of the fiscal and economic policy as well as the impact of population ageing on the sustainability of public finances in the wake of the recent economic crisis.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Intergenerational solidarity

The dilemmas facing the European Union countries associated with population ageing have until recently been articulated in two ways: 1) the financial sustainability of public welfare systems, and 2) the adequacy of retirement incomes and basic social services.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Informal carers

Concerns about the fiscal sustainability of long-term care servic­es and more self-conscious and demanding carers' movements across countries have pushed informal care (provided by relatives and friends) into the limelight.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Housing quality deficiencies and the link to income in the EU

Housing quality is correlated with a nation’s affluence. The use of objective criteria for assessing the need for space may be flawed, and the EU-indicators pursuing social inclusion need to be harmonized with strategies of environmental sustainability.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Fiscal and pension sustainability

This Policy Brief has explored pension sustainability in EU countries. It examines the financial sustainability of public finances, followed by a look at the likely evolution of pension incomes and an analysis of the reshaping of pension systems.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Poverty risks for older people in EU countries

On average, older people face a higher poverty risk rate than the total population. Countries with low poverty risk rates for older people have a good social safety net in the form of a basic pension or of minimum guaranteed pensions.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Two worlds of drug consumption in late modern societies

Europeans belong to the largest consumers of illicit drugs: ca. one fifth of the global heroin, cocaine and cannabis supply, as well as one third of the ecstasy production. But the vast majority has never tried any illicit substance.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Welfare-to-work programmes in the UK and lessons for other countries

Welfare-to-work programmes have long been pursued in European countries. The UK had shown more interest in learning from the US workfare model, and its policy de­sign and the experience of the past 10 years offer a number of insights for other countries.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Social assistance: No, thanks?

Based on the comparison of detailed micro-data and potential entitlements simulated with tax/benefit microsimulation models, the Policy Brief estimates the size of non-take-up of monetary social assistance benefits in Austria, Germany and Finland after 2000.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Access to health care for migrants, ethnic minorities, and asylum seekers in Europe

This Policy brief outlines hurdles of access to health care for migrants and discusses policy implications.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Access to health care for people with mental disorders in Europe

This policy brief outlines hurdles of access to health care for people with mental disorders and discusses policy implications.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Intoxication and intoxicated behaviour in contemporary European cultures

‘Binge’ drinking by young people is a social problem that has spread across Europe. The focus of concern has been on their drinking and on the behaviours and harms associated with it in relation to public health, public safety and public order.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Juvenile alcohol scenes

The conspicuous alcohol consumption by young people in groups, here called ‘juvenile alcohol scenes’, is at the focus of attention. We compared a metropolitan and a rural area in the wine-growing East of Austria.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Poverty across Europe

This Policy brief discusses the sensitivity of these estimates to the measures used and explores the underlying patterns across the vulnerable groups and the likely causes of poverty in these countries.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The Vienna drug policy 1970 to 2005

The study draws the success story of a regional drug policy that is based on the organisational combination of the drug-related activities of the city ("cross-sectional policy") and the professionalisation of the drug services, with the aim of social reintegration.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Tax credit policy in the UK and its lessons for Austria

This Policy brief summarises the policy experience of the tax credit system in the United Kingdom, with the aim to understand better the challenges underlying the tax credit policy to be initiated in Austria.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

A major policy impact of the European Centre’s consultancy

Since 2000, the European Centre has accompanied the preparatory process for the introduction of a long-term care insurance in the Autonomous Province of Bolzano-Alto Adige (Italy).

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Features and challenges of population ageing

This Policy Brief discusses population ageing and its possible implications as well as public policy responses to the challenges posed. The focus is on Europe as a region and how individual countries as well as the EU and the UNECE could deal with them.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

The labour market situation of people with disabilities in EU25

Many EU Member States made efforts to break down the discrimination barriers with respect to disability and to consider people with disabilities as an integral part of society and the workforce. We use the statistics of employment status as drawn from administrative registers.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Happiness across the life cycle

Evidence suggests a U-shaped relationship between age and happiness, when controlling for income and other personal characteristics. However, it is not ageing as such which results in declining happiness, but rather the circumstances associated with ageing.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Young men: Sexuality and sex education

Prevention in the area of sexual and reproductive health is mainly directed towards youth to provide them in time with the appropriate knowledge and behaviour patterns to protect themselves against sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted parenthood.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Austria: Distributive effects of social insurance contributions, income tax and monetary social benefits on the household level

In a European comparison Austria shows above-average levels of both taxation and social expenditures. The analyses carried out show the results in terms of redistribution, which reaches a sizeable dimension.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Poverty among migrants in Europe

The policy brief analyses the level of poverty among migrants in 14 European countries. Migrants from outside the European Union are occasionally exposed to a multiple times higher risk of poverty than the "indigenous" population.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages in EU Member States

This policy brief reports on our research for EU member countries on the transmission of advantages and disadvantages between generations.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Challenges in guaranteeing adequate pension incomes for women

This Policy Brief discusses various pension policy changes that will be beneficial for women, and finds that the most effective policy action to tackle poverty risks amongst older women is through targetted active labour market policies for women.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Multi-city study on quantities and financing of illicit drug consumption

We examined the per capita consumption of selected illegal substances – heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy and cannabis – as well as the expenses for drug consumption on the consumer side in six European cities.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Transition from work to retirement in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

The Policy Brief reports differences in the participation of the elderly in the labour markets of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The evolution of elderly employment and the choice of measures have been different after the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Zeitnot oder Zeitwohlstand in Österreichs Familien?

In diesem Policy Brief wird gefragt, ob Eltern heutzutage genügend Zeit für ihre Kinder im Pflichtschulalter haben, u.a. um sie bei schulischen Tätigkeiten zu unterstützen, und welchen Einfluss generell familiale Faktoren auf den Schulerfolg haben.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Time poverty or time welfare in Austrian families?

Do today’s parents have enough time for their children and/or provide sufficient support for their children’s achievements in school? We focus on the time spent by parents with their children and the links between family factors and school achievements.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Poverty of elderly people in EU25

This policy brief analyses poverty risks faced by the current populations of elderly people in the latest year (ie. around 2003).

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Pension policy in EU25 and its possible impact on elderly poverty

The analyses point to key policy responses necessary to meet the social objectives of sustainability as well as adequacy of pensions in the European Union.

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Joint custody after divorce

This analysis was part of the 'Evaluation study on the effects of the implementation of the Children's Rights Amendment Act 2001, with particular reference to joint custody after divorce' (commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Justice).

more...

POLICY BRIEF

Transition from Work to Retirement in EU25

This policy brief draws upon the empirical evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey, by analysing differences and similarities across the EU25 with respect to the labour force participation among older workers.

more...