Posting workers as a concept is not straightforward and it is often confused with some forms of emigration. Four situations are related to the concept of posting: a) “regular” posting as defined by the EU posting directives - worker is sent by his/her employer to carry out a service in an EU Member State on a temporary basis; b) temporary illegal emigration; c) emigration to EU with the help of official institutions; and d) posting third country nationals. Different situations imply different policy responses, though there are common recommendations for all: improvement of workers’ rights in the country of origin, increasing information of employees on their rights, transnational cooperation between the enforcement agencies. The clarification of the workers status is the first step in identifying the social protection mechanisms they are entitled to and the appropriate authorities where to address any issues they might have. This policy brief is available in English and in Serbian.