The country reports contain sections on: key features of national tax-benefit systems, identification of appropriate data sources, requirements for tax/benefit-microsimulation, specific modelling issues, presentation of the model.
This Policy Brief discusses population ageing and its possible implications as well as public policy responses to the challenges posed. The focus is on Europe as a region and how individual countries as well as the EU and the UNECE could deal with them.
Many EU Member States made efforts to break down the discrimination barriers with respect to disability and to consider people with disabilities as an integral part of society and the workforce. We use the statistics of employment status as drawn from administrative registers.
Evidence suggests a U-shaped relationship between age and happiness, when controlling for income and other personal characteristics. However, it is not ageing as such which results in declining happiness, but rather the circumstances associated with ageing.
This Policy brief summarises the policy experience of the tax credit system in the United Kingdom, with the aim to understand better the challenges underlying the tax credit policy to be initiated in Austria.