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Even though the number of current residents in general medicine and paediatrics may be sufficient to cover the demand in primary care in the Vienna region, many residents seem to opt for alternative career paths, potentially leading to shortages in care coverage in the primary care sector in the future.
The objective of this study was to learn more about the motivation, expectations and preferences of residents in paediatrics and general medicine in order to understand what drives their career choices, and how to make the primary care sector a more attractive career option.
We carried out an online survey and focus group sessions amongst current residents in the fields of general medinine and paediatrics. The survey consisted of closed and open-ended questions and allowed ranking and rating of factors that are suspected to drive career choices. Focus groups allowed discussing, in more detail, the survey results and helped making recommendations as to how primary care could be turned into a more attractive career option.