The occupational safety and health (OSH) of posted workers is regulated by Article 3 of the Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of provision of services and is inextricably linked to the assurance of decent labour/working conditions. The project activities focused on the under-researched, underexposed and poorly addressed issue of labour/ working conditions and OSH of posted workers. While previous research and policy-oriented initiatives tended to focus on issues such as tax avoidance, fictitious postings, social benefit frauds and challenges in establishing cooperation, in this project the attention was placed on the assurance of decent working conditions, occupational safety and health, assessment of health-related risks, prevention measures and monitoring.
The findings of the project based on the results of the comparative analysis of the nine country reports (namely: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain) indicated that the temporary, mobile and transnational character of posting affects the health and safety of posted workers in multiple ways and involves several different aspects:
This is partly due to their lack of knowledge on host countries OSH structures and mechanisms, and partly because of their hesitation to go to the authorities, but it is also partly because of the inadequate response of enforcement organizations. Furthermore, lack of or limited access to collective representation lowers workers' level of protection and language barriers limit their access to information which has a wide range of implications – from exercising their employment rights, including health and safety rights, to accessing healthcare and housing and managing their daily lives. Aware of the challenges, stakeholders demand more coordinated and cohesive action.