Job carving and job crafting can be effective strategies to overcome the challenges of the labour market (re)integration of people facing barriers, and to keep workers employed by creating meaningful and productive employment. This paper was produced to raise awareness and to promote job carving and job crafting activities within the EU. It provides insights into current actions of ESF Managing Authorities and their partner organisations that are designed to provide holistic support to employers, employees and unemployed people during job carving and/or job crafting activities. The paper presented promising practices applied within the EU are makes recommendations for future activities within the ESF. These include the need for guidance and mainstreaming of the approach within EU Member States as a promising European Social Fund theme.