The Macedonian case study focuses on examining the existing legal and regulatory framework, governance indicators, human capacities as well as the institutional arrangement, inter-agency cooperation and stakeholder engagement. The analysis is used to identify what needs to be done or improved in order to develop the proper capacities for the implementation of the Posting of Workers Directive (96/71/EC) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (now North Macedonia). The empirical data is drawn from official reports, relevant grey and academic literature, and interviews with various stakeholders, i.e. policy-makers, enforcement agencies, and social partners.The findings show that the country has established a solid regulatory framework in terms of labour mobility. However, in practice, the main stakeholders believe that there is a lack of political will and determination to improve the management of labour migration and mobility. One of the major challenges identified is the absence of a separate agency responsible for monitoring and controlling labour migration between the country and the EU, which in the long run would ensure evidence-based policies and strategic orientation when addressing labour market challenges.