The Montenegrin case study focuses on examining the existing legal and regulatory framework, governance indicators, human capacities as well as the institutional arrangement, inter-agency cooperation and stakeholder engagement. The analysis is used to identify what needs to be done or improved in order to develop the proper capacities for the implementation of the Posting of Workers Directive (96/71/EC) in Montenegro. The empirical data is drawn from official reports, relevant grey and academic literature, and interviews with various stakeholders, i.e. policy-makers, enforcement agencies, and social partners. The main findings show that knowledge about the Directive among the stakeholders, especially those not coming from public authorities, was generally limited and the terminology related to the procedure of posting was generally not recognised as posting but rather as labour mobility and/or migration. Although national interagency cooperation was generally identified as solid and constructive, the need to establish better links and cooperation between stakeholders with regard to adoption and implementation of acts and procedures, was identified. Better knowledge of posting rules and practices was also recognised among the stakeholders as one of the most important measures to prevent violations of workers’ rights when working abroad.