Many European countries are confronted with an aggravated problem of gang crime and increasing violence in the streets. Youth gangs often include young people with a variety of social problems associated with poor schooling, migration background, low socio-economic status and living in deprived neighbourhoods.
Social prevention tries to reduce the likelihood that individuals or groups will include crime in their repertoire of behaviours by strengthening informal (immediate and extended family, neighbourhood networks, peer group) and institutionally based (e.g. in education, work, culture and sport) incentives to be law abiding.
The focus of our analysis is on good practice examples and effective social policies to reduce juvenile delinquency particularly in the form of gang crime.
The project aims are to:
Desk research will include a literature study on recent international research projects that focus not only on the composition and cultures of street gangs, but more importantly provide clear policy guidelines as outcomes of their research (ISRD-study; EUROGANG; TRANSGANG).
Risk factors, prevention policies, and social control mechanisms will be integrated and presented in a multi-agency model, with reference to some examples from best practice projects.
The results of the desk research will be presented in three policy briefs and a final report:
(1) Socio-economic risk factors;
(2) Prevention policies;
(3) A multi-agency approach.
The Final Report will be developed by connecting arguments and findings in the policy briefs.