Although social inequalities in health exist in all societies worldwide, the degree of these inequalities varies spatially, and notable differences exist across countries. This implies that social inequalities in health are not inevitable, and that there is potential to considerably reduce health inequalities. Moreover, these differences are often contrary to expectations: for example, the Scandinavian welfare states do not always have the smallest health inequalities.
In this seminar, Tim Huijts presents data on patterns of social inequality in health in Europe, drawing for example on a recent European Social Survey module on social determinants of health and on findings from the NORFACE-funded HiNews project. Additionally, he reviews research that has tested why social inequalities in health vary cross-nationally, using recent examples from his own work. He also discusses what these findings imply for social policy and public health policy in European countries. Finally, he covers some remaining gaps in this line of research that will need to be addressed to take research and policy on health inequalities in Europe further. He uses the link between insecurity and health as an example to illustrate these gaps.
The seminar is a part of the series of international seminars that are organised by the European Centre.