Welcome to the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research
The mission of the European Centre's work is to improve social inclusion in Europe by building bridges between policy, research and practice to foster evidence-based innovation in social welfare, between EU Member States and Accession countries as well as countries of the Eastern Partnership to facilitate the integration of welfare systems, but also between various sectors of social welfare to promote people-centred, inclusive and integrated provision of services and facilities.
New Journal Article: ‘Fairness and Eligibility to Long-Term Care: An Analysis of the Factors Driving Inequality and Inequity in the Use of Home Care for Older Europeans’
This article by Stefania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues and Andrea E. Schmidt analyses differences in home care utilization between community-dwelling Europeans in nine countries. It presents concentration indexes and horizontal inequity indexes for each country and results from a decomposition analysis across income, care needs, household structures, education achievement and regional characteristics. It finds pro-poor inequality in home care utilization but little evidence of inequity when accounting for differential care needs. Household characteristics are an important contributor to inequality, while education and geographic locations hold less explanatory power. The authors discuss the findings in light of the normative assumptions surrounding different definitions of need in LTC and the possible regressive implications of policies that make household structures an eligibility criterion to access services.
New Journal Article: ‘Posting and agency work in British construction and hospitality: the role of regulation in differentiating the experiences of migrants’
This article by Sonila Danaj and Gabriella Alberti engages with IHRM debates on the transnational regulation of labour. The findings illustrate how workers’ experiences are critically shaped by the combination of their migration and employment statuses in the context of firms’ restructuring strategies and transnational labour mobility. Temporal employment constraints and exclusion from equal treatment linked to migrant status, combined with labour subcontracting across the sectors, produce intensification of work, inferior terms and conditions, greater insecurity and dependence for migrant temporary workers. The main argument is that increasing differentiation between categories of migrant workers goes beyond the simple distinction of EU and Third Country Nationals, and is produced by the exceptional regulatory spaces into which these migrants are locked.
New Book Chapter in ‘The Handbook on Wealth’
Katarina Hollan co-authored a chapter in the German-language ‘Handbuch Reichtum [Handbook on Wealth]’. The book covers the topic of wealth from different perspectives such as sociology, economics, history, gender studies, politics and cultural studies and the chapter deals with gender inequalities and wealth distribution.
New Health Economics Article: ‘Income-rich and wealth-poor? The impact of measures of socio-economic status in the analysis of the distribution of long-term care use among older people’
This article by Ricardo Rodrigues, Stefania Ilinca and Andrea E. Schmidt aims to investigate the impact of using two measures of socio-economic status on the analysis of how informal care and home care use are distributed among older people living in the community. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe for 14 European countries, we estimate differences in corrected concentration indices for use of informal care and home care and also calculate horizontal inequity indices. The findings show that using wealth as a ranking variable results, as a rule, in a less pro-poor inequality of use for both informal and home care.
Extending future cooperation within the Bridge Building function of the European Centre
The Armenian Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, RA Artem Asatryan and the Executive Director Kai Leichsenring signed a Memorandum of Understanding, on 21 September between the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Republic of Armenia and the European Centre. The Ministry appointed Ms. Anahit Martirosyan as the National Liaison Official to initiate new activities. We are looking forward to a fruitful cooperation.
Successful UNECE Research Forum
The European Centre contributed to the UNECE Ministerial Conference on Ageing in Lisbon by organizing the Research Forum on 20 September 2017. Almost 80 researchers from almost 30 countries gathered to foster a multi-professional dialogue around the three themes of the Ministerial Conference (‘Recognizing the potential of older people’, ‘Encouraging longer working life and ability to work’ and ‘Ensuring ageing with dignity’), to underpin the Ministerial Declaration with evidence from research on ageing, and to identify priority areas of future research on ageing.
The European Centre in the Austrian newspapers
Related to the report “Simulation of an application of the Hartz-IV reform in Austria” commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Finances, which presents the fiscal implications together with the distributional effects and the impact on risk of poverty of a similar reform in Austria, Michael Fuchs was interviewed on the potential fiscal, distributional and labour market related effects of Hartz IV in Austria, on consequences for current receivers of unemployment assistance and on the (dis)harmonisation of minimum income benefit in the Austrian Federal States.
Related to an analysis of the amount of monetary social benefits received by non-Austrian citizens compared to Austrian citizens and the respective amounts of social (insurance) contributions paid using the micro-simulation model EUROMOD/SORESI based on the policy system 2016 and EU-SILC 2015 data (incomes 2014), Michael Fuchs was interviewed on the current overall balance, potential developments in the future and on the balances in different policy sections like pensions, unemplyment insurance and family benefits.
Journal article: "Towards individual responsibilities: Interests affecting major alcohol policy changes in 1950s Austria"
Following the Depression, the Civil War and the transformation of the country into a German province in the late 1930s and the Second World War, Austria suffered economically. Austria was also politically diminished due to its status as an occupied country until 1955. As a result of a newly achieved political consensus within the country, production and retail of alcoholic beverages were finally released of the restrictions that had been raised for decades. Alcoholic beverages became “ordinary goods” with circumscribed, controllable risks, and responsibility for the consequences of alcohol consumption was delegated to the individual. Contact: Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl
Chapters in book “Concepts of addictive substances and behaviours across time and place"
In this book, Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl is a co-author of four chapters: ‘Concepts of addiction in Europe in the 1970s and 1980s: what does a long view tell us about drugs, alcohol, and tobacco?’, ‘The role of stakeholders in addictions policy and intervention’, ‘Exploring user groups as stakeholders in drug policy processes in four European countries’ and ‘External influences on national drug policies in four European countries at the turn of the twenty-first century’.